The learning theory believes that language is developed
through learning. Researchers, such as B. F. Skinner and Albert Bandura, have
found that infants learn language through operant conditioning, reinforcement, imitation and observational learning. Others believe that language cannot be acquired through learning. Reinforcement is also not necessarily an element that can produce correct language because parents and
caregivers will reinforce an incorrect sentence as often as a correct sentence. Children are also able to put together a sentence
without learning the exact sentence. Example:
Parent says, “I dropped the plate on the floor”, the child is able to say, “I dropped the toy down
the stairs” without hearing the exact sentence. The child has the capability
of modifying the sentence to fit the situation.
There are too many associations to be made for it to be possible to acquire language. Parents
also reward their children for incomplete sentences as well as complete sentences. Children are able to put a sentence
together without hearing that exact sentence.